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The Ludovic Trarieux Lawyers Award


A short story in pictures (pdf) le prix ludovic trarieux


For 30 years
"The most prestigious Prize awarded to a lawyer in Europe"

Nelson Mandela, first Prize winner of the Ludovic-Trarieux Prize

 

Nelson Mandela, first Prize winner in 1985

The "Ludovic-Trarieux Human Right award" is the oldest and most prestigious award given to a lawyer in the world, commemorating the memory of the French lawyer, Ludovic Trarieux (1840-1904), who in the midst of the Dreyfus Affair, in France, in 1898, founded the " League for the Defence of Human Rights and the Citizen " ", which is at the basis of all leagues set up in the world and on the same model since then.

Created in 1984, in Bordeaux by President Bertrand FAVREAU, the Prize is awarded each year to a lawyer, regardless of nationality or Bar, who, by his work, will have illustrated his activity or his suffering, the defence of human rights, of defence rights, the supremacy of law, the struggle against racism and intolerance in any form, after consulting humanitarian associations and NGO.

 Evoking the reasons of his commitment to the DREYFUS cause, Ludovic TRARIEUX said:

 

 

" IT WAS

NOT ONLY

THE SINGLE CAUSE OF A MAN

WHICH WAS TO BE DEFENDED,

BUT BEHIND THIS CAUSE,

LAW, JUSTICE,

HUMANITY ".

 

The first " LUDOVIC TRARIEUX PRIZE " was awarded on March 29th 1985 to Nelson MANDELA, then in jail.
It was officially handed over to his daughter, Zenani Mandela Dlamini, on April 27th 1985.
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April 27th, 1985 - HRIBB President Bertrand FAVREAU awards the first Ludovic-Trarieux Prize to Zenani Mandela, while her father has been in jail for 23 years in South-Africa.

 

 

On February 11th 1990, Nelson MANDELA was released. Since then, it has been decided to award the Prize.

The Prize awarded each year in partnership by the Human Rights Institute of The Bar of Bordeaux, the Human Rights Institute of the Bar of Paris, the Human Rights Institute of The Bar of Brussels, l'Unione forense per la tutela dei diritti dell'uomo (Roma) and the European Bar Human Rights Institute (IDHAE) whose members are the biggest european law societies fighting for human rights such as Rechtsanwaltskamme Berlin, Ordre français des Avocats du barreau de Bruxelles, barreau de Luxembourg or Polish National Council of the Bar (Warsaw). It is presented every year in a city that is home to one of the member Institutes.

The following is the list of prize-winners :

 Prix Ludovic-Trarieux

1984-1985

 

 

Nelson MANDELA  (South Africa)

1986

 

 

 Not awarded

1988

 

 

 Not awarded

1990

 

 

 Not awarded

1992

 

 

Augusto ZÚŃIGA PAZ  (Peru)  †

1994

 

 

Jadranka CIGELJ  (Bosnia-Herzegovina)

1996

divided equally between

 

Nejib HOSNI (Tunisia) and
Dalila MEZIANE  (Algeria).

 

1998

 

 

ZHOU Guoqiang  (China)

2000

 

 

Esber YAGMURDERELI  (Turkey)

2002

 

 

Mehrangiz KAR  (Iran)

2003

divided equally between

 

 

 

Digna OCHOA #
and  
Bárbara ZAMORA (Mexico).

# (exceptionnaly post mortem)

2004

 

 

Aktham NAISSE  (Syrie)

 

2005

 

 

Henri BURIN des ROZIERS (Brazil)

 

2006

 

 

Parvez IMROZ (India)

 

2007

 

 

René GÓMEZ MANZANO (Cuba)

 

2008

 

 

U AYE MYINT (Burma)

 

2009

 

 

Beatrice MTETWA (Zimbabwe)  

  

Following the Prize award to Nelson Mandela in 1985 and the decision in 1990, after he has been released, the Prize to be awarded every 2 years, the next winner in 1992 was the Peruvian lawyer Augusto ZÚŃIGA PAZ, who has dedicated his life working for the support of the Human Rights in the COMISEDH (Comision de Derechos Humanos ) and because of that he had also lost his left arm in an explosion.

 

In 1994 the Prize winner was Jadranka CIGELJ, a Bosnian Catholic , who due to her activities she was among the "group" of the intellectuals who were detained, violated and tortured by the other Party in the civil war in Former-Yugoslavia.

 

After Nelson MANDELA, in 1985, Najib HOSNI was the second prize-winner. While in detention. Nejib HOSNI was released by special presidential pardon by President Ben ALI on December 14th 1996, three months after the ceremony award in Bordeaux where the prize had been handed over to his representative, Dr Helen JAFFE, President of AVRE.

October 2nd, 1998 - Robert Badinter gives the Ludovic-Trarieux Prize to Liu QingThe fifth Prize was awarded on May 25th 1998, to the Chinese lawyer ZHOU Guoqiang. After Nelson MANDELA and Nejib HOSNI, ZHOU Guoqiang was the third prizewinner not able to come to France in order to receive his Prize, as stipulated by the rules of the Prize. Because of the risks to his family and to himself, and notably that of being forced into exile, like many other Chinese dissidents prevented from going back to China if he left the territory to come and receive his Prize in France, ZHOU Guoqiang had no other choice but to mandate Mr. LIU Qing, Chairman of HUMAN RIGHTS in CHINA, who has been living in exile in New York since 1991, to go and receive the Prize in his name. Thus, the reward was given to him by M. Robert BADINTER on Friday 2nd October 1998 in the amphitheater of the National school of Judiciary (Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature) in Bordeaux and on that occasion Mr LIU Qing read the speech written by ZHOU Guoqiang for the Ceremony award.

 

 

 

Ugur Yagmurdereli -Photo BAPUgur Yagmurdereli reading the speech of his father. Photo BAP

The sixth "LUDOVIC-TRARIEUX INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PRIZE" was awarded on March 2th 2000, to the Turkish blind writer, lawyer, and human right activist, Esber Yagmurdereli, jailed since June 1998, for having expressed his views on the Kurdish issue. The Prize was given to the Prize winner's son, Mr. Ugur Yagmurdereli , on 29th September2000. Esber Yagmurderelis' son , Ugur Yagmurdereli received the prize on behalf of his father and read his father's message and received the prize.(Click to see speeches.)

 

On May 23 2002, the jury of " Ludovic Trarieux International Human Rights Prize " awarded the Prize 2002 to the iranian lawyer Mehrangiz KAR, a human rights lawyer, writer, essayist, and former editor of the now-banned Zan literary review whose work as an activist for women's rights often put her in conflict with Iranian authorities.

The Award was given on October 24 2002, by the First Judge of the French Court of Cassation Mr Guy CANIVET during a Ceremony in the House of Lawyers in Paris in presence of 200 lawyers from France and main countries of Europe .( Ceremony award of the 2002 Prize to Mehrangiz Kar).

 

 

The ceremony Award 2003

 

On June 13, 2003 the 21 European lawyers members of the Jury of the "LUDOVIC-TRARIEUX INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PRIZE 2003" meeting in Brussels Court's House, awarded the eighth " Ludovic-Trarieux " 2003 jointly to . Digna Ochoa y Plácido (post mortem) and to Bárbara Zamora Lopez.

The Jury called the Mexican authorities to ensure an effective, independent and thorough investigation into the killing of Digna Ochoa and expressed deep concern for the safety of Barbara Zamora and urged to give her immediately an appropriate protection.

The Prize was presented on October 3rd , 2003, in the Main Hall of the National School of the Judiciary of France in Bordeaux to Jesus Ochoa y plácido, brither of Digna Ochoa and to Bárbara Zamora by Jean Cruyplants, Chairman of the Brussels Bar Association. More : The Ceremony Award 2003.

 

The 21 European lawyers members of the Jury* of the "LUDOVIC-TRARIEUX INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PRIZE " meeting in Paris House of Lawyers, on on April 26th 2004 awarded the nineth " Ludovic-Trarieux " Prize to Aktham Naisse (written also Nu'aysa), 53 year old, a human rights defender and lawyer, chairman of the Committee for the Defence of Democratic Liberties and Human Rights in Syria (CDF), and Vice President of the Arab Commission for Human Rights, because of his struggle for human rights in Syria At the risk of his own liberty.

Aktham Naisse presented the Prize in Brussels on October 8th from the hands of Court of Cassation highest Judge, Premier President Michel Lahousse in the main hearing room of the Court in the Law Courts' of Brussels (Belgium). Following an international campaign, the Supreme State Security Court dropped the charges against Aktham Naisse on April, 26, 2005.

 

On May 23rd, 2005 the Jury of the "LUDOVIC-TRARIEUX INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PRIZE » meeting in Paris Bar House awarded the tenth « Ludovic-Trarieux » Prize, created in 1984 (first prize winner Nelson Mandela then in jail) and awarded every year to a lawyer, to Henri Burin des Roziers, 75 years old, a lawyer and a Dominican. Since 1977, he lives and works in Brazil as a lawyer for the Pastoral Land Commission, the body that advocates the human rights of the rural workers The Prize was presented on October 27th 2005, in Paris to Henri Burin des Roziers .( Presentation of the 2005 Award to Henri Burin des Roziers)

 

 

 

 

The Jury of the "LUDOVIC-TRARIEUX INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PRIZE » meeting in Brussels Court’s House, on Friday 2 June 2006 awarded the eleventh « Ludovic-Trarieux » Prize to Parvez Imroz, a human rights lawyer and a civil rights activist in Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir, who, since the end of the eighties, has initiated and led campaigns for human rights in a context of grave violations, including killings, tortures and rapes, or forced "disappearances" with impunity . Parvez Imroz is also founder and President of the J&K Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS) that works to build local alliances between Kashmiri civil society groups.

The Award was presented in Bordeaux, in The National School of the Magistracy opf France, by Mr Dean Spielmann, Judge at the European Human Rights Court,on October 13th, 2006 to Rukhsana, the Wife of Parvez Imroz, on behalf of her husband because Indian authorities refused to give a passport to Parvez Imroz himself in spite of several requests since July 2006. (Photo Jean-René Tancrčde- ADS).( Presentation of the 2006 Award)

 

 

Photo - Copyright © Belgian Senate


The 12th “LUDOVIC-TRARIEUX INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PRIZE “ for 2007 was awarded on May 11th 2007 to Cuban lawyer René Gómez Manzano , 63 years-old, who created the "Corriente Agramontista de Abogados Cubanos", an independent professional organization of lawyers in Cuba, that seeks to reform Cuba’s judicial system from within by requiring the Cuban government to obey its own laws and will to litigate political cases against the state.
Mr. Gomez Manzano petitioned Cuban immigration authorities to grant him the "permission"to attend the award ceremony . but Cuban authorities haven't authorized René Gómez Manzano, to attend the ceremony held in his honor in Brussels, to receive the award. René Gómez Manzano gave mandate to three exiliated Cuban lawyers members of "Corriente Agramontista", Juan ESCANDELL RAMIREZ, Luis FERNANDEZ et Pedro FUENTES CID, in order to receive all together the Award on behalf of him.
Prize was presented on October 19th, 2007 by Mr Armand DE DECKER, President of the Belgian Senate and Mr Robert DE BAERDEMAEKER, bâtonnier de l'Ordre français des avocats au barreau de Bruxelles in the main Hall of the Belgian Senate, in Brussels. (Prize Winner Ceremony 2007 )

 

 

The 13th International Human Rights Prize "Ludovic Trarieux" 2008 ("The award given by lawyers to a lawyer") was awarded by the Jury of 21 european lawyers on May 17th 2008 in Luxemburg, to burmese labour lawyer (Myanmar) U Aye Myint

Lawyer U Aye Myint and eight other persons arrested on 17 July 2003 by members of the Military Intelligence was sentenced to death for having contacts with political organizations in exile partly on the basis that he had communicated with the ILO. After pressure by International Labour Organisation (ILO), the death sentence was commuted to three years’ imprisonment, for treason. U Aye Myint was released in January 2005. In 2005, U Aye Myint was re-arrested and sentenced to seven years' imprisonment allegedly for helping farmers report to the authorities and the ILO that local officials had confiscated their land. Because of his conviction, government authorities acted on 13 May 2006 to strip him of his licence to practice law and ensured his dismissal from the Bar Council, in contravention to Council regulations.The ILO made the release of Aye Myint an explicit condition of continued cooperation with Burma, and set a deadline for his release.

The award was presented personally to Prize winner in secret in Rangoon in September 2008, by Mr Mario Lana, president of Unione Forense per la Tutela dei diritti umani (UFTDU), and then presented in abstentia on October 22nd, 2008 in the Italian Senate, by Sra Emma Bonino, vice presidente of the Italian Senate.(Photo UFTDU). ((Prize Winning Ceremony 2008 on Youtube.)

Photo - Copyright ©Jean René Tancrčde


The fourteenth "LUDOVIC-TRARIEUX INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PRIZE » 2009 was be presented to Beatrice Mtetwa, immediate past president of the Law Society of Zimbabwe for for her trailblazing role in defending freedom of peaceful assembly , of association and freedom of speech and the rule of law in Zimbabwe at the Bar Association in Paris, on October 29th 2009 by Mr Gérard LARCHER, President of the Sénat (the upper house of the bicameral French Parliament).
First African Prize Winner since Nelson Mandela jailed in 1985, Beatrice Mtetwa a prominent media lawyer and also one of Zimbabwe's foremost lawyers defending opponents of Robert Mugabe's regime, all at great personal risk. (The Prize Winning Ceremony 2009)

 

 

Beatrice Mtetwa (Zimbabwe) : Ludovic Trarieux Prize 2009


And to learn more : "The Ludovic Trarieux Prize on the Web"